Revolutionize your Understanding of 9 Pillars of Digital India in 10 Minutes.
The best way to understand the 9 pillars of digital India is through the equation given by our Prime Minister, “IT+IT=IT,” which means “Indian Talent + Indian Technology = India Tomorrow.”
On the 2nd of July 2015, Our Prime Minister launched Digital India Mission to connect the country’s rural areas with high tech, high speech internet and improve India’s digital literacy. This program is the mother organization and the steering body of many other units, and it encompasses many departments, making them a bigger, stronger, and more powerful whole. DeitY coordinates and manages it, and the GOI enforces it.
The 9 pillars of Digital India revolve around three broad categories
- Digital Infrastructure is a core utility to every citizen, including mobile internet services, cradle to grave digital identity, shareable private space on the digital cloud, and cyber security to all citizens.
- Governance and integrated services across departments are available in real-time and in an online medium. Digitally available services for ease of doing business and Geospatial information system GIS for a robust support mechanism will reshape our country and make our citizens tech-savvy.
- Digital empowerment of all citizens gives them benefits like accessibility to digital resources, digital literacy, and ease of document submission. Thus everything can function on virtual platforms and offers better operability.
The achievements of this program have created significant developments in the lives of citizens. According to data, we now have
- 1.052 billion telephone connections.
- Internet penetration has reached 400 million users.
- FDI increased to USD 4.09 billion, from just 1.6 billion in 2014
- Under BharatNet, 48,199-gram panchayats have now been equipped with optical fiber.
- 120.88 million broadband users in our country.
Now let’s discuss all the aspects of Digital India and understand how they benefit us as a community.
9 Pillars of Digital India :
1. Broadband Highways (First pillar of 9 Pillars of Digital India )
The program is an umbrella term used for many subcategories, which connect broadband services. It can be seen as a metaphor or a roadmap to improve India’s digital infrastructure. The program is an essential aspect of the 9 pillars of the Digital India campaign. It includes
Rural- Broadband for All
This scheme will cover 2.5L gram panchayats under National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) to improve communication, and the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) supervises the project for its successful implementation.
Urban-Broadband for All
Virtual Network Operators for better service quality and effective communication will be the focus area in the urban setting of the country.
National Information Infrastructure (NII)
Setting up developing cloud infrastructure comes under this. Technology needs to penetrate each village of the country. Hence, many organizations work together to make that happen, like the state vast area network (SWAK), National Knowledge Network (NKN), and NOFN. The collaborative effort of all these administrative units will help us achieve the Digital India target soon.
2. Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity
This scheme is a more extensive reflection of a comprehensive development plan for the North East. It revolves around the fact that every citizen needs to have a mobile for various reasons like better connectivity, security, and even entertainment. After all, we are a welfare state, and holistic development and uplifting the lifestyle of each citizen is of vital importance. In total, this scheme will cover 4.23K villages under this scheme pan India, and this will be a massive achievement of the 9 pillars of the Digital India program.
3. Public Internet Access Program
The program is a National Rural Internet Mission and has two significant subcategories.
Common Services Centre (CSC)
One CSC will get established in each gram panchayat, and in total, that would be 2.5L at the end of this operation. It would be the primary hub of communicating Government documents and notices and provide an excellent multi-functional endpoint for inclusive connectivity.
They would also serve as multi-service centers. It will transform more than 1.5L already existing post offices into those multi-functioning units under the supervision of the Department of Posts.
4. Electronics Manufacturing
Of all the other 9 Pillars of Digital India, this pillar focuses on promoting electronic manufacturing in India without any imports from other countries. This pillar requires systematic planning on many fronts like taxations, incentives, economics, and cutting out cost disadvantages. It also takes into account.
Big Ticket Items
Electronic goods demand is increasing at CAGR 22% and making India globally competent to enhance business opportunities. Focus areas include FABs, VSAT, incubators, cluster skill development, PhDs upliftment, improving safety standards, maintaining MSMEs, and in-house marketing of our flexible goods and devices. These are just basic frameworks of the Digital India model, and all these areas have a web of other departments under them.
National Policy on Electronics (NPE)
In 2021, the National Policy on Electronics came into place with the sole purpose of making India visible to investors to outsource their companies to us. This policy was modified over the years. It also promotes that a modified unique incentive package scheme (MSIP), under which a subsidy of 25% of capital expenditure will be available on excise or CVD paid on capital equipment, is reimbursed.
- It promotes domestically manufactured products and that the Government procurement won’t be less than 30%.
- To promote education, especially education in the technology field, GOI is funding Ph.D. students with specifications in the IT and Technology field pan India, and 3000 PhDs will be generated through this program in the IT sector.
- 2-5% incentive on domestically manufactured set-top boxes, which are to be exported, according to Focus Product Scheme under the Foreign Trade Policy, will be applicable.
- Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication (FAB) has gotten a green signal from GOI to set up manufacturing facilities.
5. Early Harvest Programs
There are a plethora of other schemes under this pillar. The specialty of this program is that they need to be implemented and executed within a short period.
- IT Platform for messages is a mass messaging application formed by MeitY that helps all elected representatives and government employees.
- Government greetings go electronic. MyGov platform has become the e- Greeting portal of the country.
- Attendance also goes electric by using a biometric attendance portal to connect to Wi-Fi or mobile data for employees to mark their presence biometrically.
- Universities under National Knowledge Network (NKN) will get Wi-Fi, monitored by the ministry of human resource development (MHRD)
- Other plans under this program are to provide schools with e-books and weather apps, and lots more. That is how the 9 pillars of Digital India are changing the infrastructure of the country.
6. e-Governance: Reforming Governance through Technology
This particular program is created to ease the functioning of the governmental departments by using IT as a tool. Everything will be regulated through the right technology, from the initiation of the ideas to delivering services. This is the beauty of 9 Pillars of Digital India. IT is promoted to automate, rectify and analyze data to resolve persistent issues in our database.
- Database conversion is a big step towards revolutionizing our sectors. The IT infrastructure will transform all manual files into electronic copies.
- All systems and processes will operate on computers To promote transparency and efficiency of the workforce. This time-saving technique is beneficial to the service provider and the customer, and regular updates are a side benefit.
- India’s unique identity authority (UIDAI) and National and State Service Delivery Gateways (NSDG/SSDG) work together to integrate as a whole and operate better.
7. eKranti- Electronic Conveyance of Administrations
The main reason to contrive this program is to create awareness about e-governance as it is critical and customize good governance and mobile governance in the country. The union government approved this scheme in the year 2015 on the 25th of March.
- Quality, quantity, and delivery of services need to improve using IT as a stepping stone; this was the first point to consider under that transform not translate sub-point.
- Government Process Reengineering (GPR) made mandatory in all MMPs. The first step is to revamp the existing MMPs by implementing GPR and all-new MMPs, needing a GPR at the commencement level.
- The offices will use cloud technologies because of their various pros, the flexible uses and cost-effectiveness being major ones. Cloud technology will store all government-sensitive information on government cloud-only.
- All services on the e-Governance project should be made available in all Indian local languages as well.
- Other important aspects include technology for school, health, finance, farmers, and cyber security. All the 9 Pillars of Digital India are playing a pivotal role in re-creating the services for the better.
8. Information for All
The open data platform makes the exchange of information accessible and practical. India also promotes green living through online hosting, distribution, and reusing data on government websites and departments.
The consumption of social media in our daily lives went from non-existent five years ago to inseparable in the present day. And the government’s very own, MyGov.in is something all citizens can leverage for their benefit and facilitate the proper functioning of the government.
9. IT For Jobs
The finale of the 9 Pillars of Digital India is finally here for the betterment of the youth. The future countrymen. Though other schemes and policies promote PhDs in the IT sector without the job market available, the youth cannot use these skills; hence, this is a crucial pillar. It has many other components like,
- Training people IN IT in smaller towns and villages for IT-ready workforce, the nodal scheme monitoring unit is DeitY. They have spent more than 200 Cr on the upliftment of digital knowledge among the youth.
- The north-eastern part of India also needs extra upliftment policies, and hence special care is given to that part by promoting IT and ITES.
- Setting up BPO in every North Eastern state to help the youth take forward the Digital India dream.
- More than 5L rural workforce is getting trained in the Telecom Service Provider (TSP) by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) to help them understand the changing infrastructure and to help them adapt to the changing ways of working.
FAQs on Digital India
How is Digital India helpful?
The government of India made available the services, schemes, plans, and discussion circulars open to the public through an online medium. It saves time, increases efficiency, and promotes transparency. It helps and benefits the citizens as well as the government officials and employees. Internet connectivity is enhanced to help all citizens realize the power of internet connectivity and live a convenient life.
How will Digital India help the Economy?
Many economic specialists strongly suggest that the Digital India mission can easily take our current GDP to USD 1 Trillion in 2025. It will benefit India immensely. Macroeconomics favors digitization of the services, and it increases business generation and thus employment rates, thereby promoting a healthy vision for the future.
What are the objectives of Digital India?
The mission’s moto, under the 9 pillars of Digital India, is “POWER TO EMPOWER,” and the three components are Digital Delivery Service, Digital Infrastructure, and Digital literacy.
Who is the Father of Digital India?
Sam Pitroda, a telecom engineer and an entrepreneur, is the Father of Digital India. He was the former advisor to the Prime minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations (PIII).
These were the 9 Pillars of Digital India and a few pointers about each of them. Though these schemes are just starting to show results, and even though these results may take time to accomplish, the country can transform its Digital Infrastructure with the help of the youth and the democratic participation of all citizens. Digital India’s mission helps the country get noticed on a global platform and opens vast doors for western and foreign countries to outsource their products and companies to India. The Indian market is booming, especially the IT sector, because our workforce gets to work with western companies like IBM, NVIDIA, and many more while transforming the lifestyle of the ordinary and average Indian.
Feel free to drop your views and queries in the comments section below!